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Dry Skin: Replenish and Hydrate

Dry Skin also known as xerosis or xeroderma is when there is a lack of fluid in the skin. This can be caused by a variety of reasons, including seasons with low humidity, use of harsh skincare products, medical history, age and overbathing.

From a scientific perspective, Dry Skin occurs when there is a disturbance to the fatty lipid matrix in the outer most layer of the skin causing moisture to evaporate out of your skin at a faster than normal rate. With the lack of moisture, the skin becomes thicker and the slow sloughing process of dead cells lead to rough, uneven skin texture and dull complexion.

Key Traits of Dry Skin

Common symptoms of dry skin include slight to severe flaking skin, peeling or scaling, fine lines or cracks, feeling of skin tightness, rough skin texture and itchiness.

How to Manage Dry Skin

The goal in managing Dry Skin is to replenish the moisture in the skin and maintaining a supple skin complexion.

1. Always choose a cleanser that is gentle on the skin

2. Avoid using abrassive scrubs that can further breakdown the skin barrier

3. Use an occlusive moisturizer after applying treatment to your skin to seal in the moisture and treatment

Dry Skin and Acne

Although Dry Skin does not directly cause acne, it certainly can make things worse. Having to fight these two skin conditions can be daunting.

The Science behind Dry Skin with Acne

While acne is often associated with oily skin, acne can occur with dry skin as well. The lack of sebum or oil in the skin can trigger the skin to produce more oil. The mixture of oil and dead skin cells can result in clogging of pores, leading to acne formation. In addition, dry skin tend to be more brittle, causing the pores to break open, allowing acne causing bacteria to infect deeper.

Luckily, there is hope!

How to resolve Acne on Dry Skin?

The key to dry skin with acne treatment is to restore the skin's moisture barrier while making sure that the sebum production is kept at bay.
Here are some useful tips:

1. Use a gentle cleanser to cleanse your skin without overdrying it

2. Avoid exfoliating when you have active blemishes. Instead, choose soothing ingredients (Centella Asiatica, Tea Tree Extract, Green Tea Extract) that have anti-bacterial properties to reduce the irritation on your skin

3. Avoid using acne products with ingredients such as benzyol peroxide that can worsen dryness.

4. Moisturize your skin with oil-free moisturizer to create a protective barrier on your skin to reduce the drying effect.

Ingredients Spotlight for Dry Skin

Hyaluronic Acid. Propolis Extract. Fermented Ingredient (Sacchromyces Filtrate, Galactomyces Filtrate). Rice Extract. Sodium Hyaluronate. Wild Yam Extract.

Cleanser

Tips on choosing a cleanser for Dry Skin:

1. Choose cleanser that are gentle on the skin.

2. Avoid ingredients with Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS), Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES), Phthalates and Paraben which can be irritating to the skin.

Toner

The key purpose of using a toner for Dry Skin is to replenish the moisture in the skin layers and remove dead skin cells.

Tips on choosing toners for Dry Skin:

1. Choose a hydrating toner with a more viscous texture to help restore the moisture in your skin layers. Hydrating Toner Ingredient that are beneficial include: Hyaluronic Acid, Centella Asiatiaca Extract, Wild Yam Extract, Niacinamide

2, Use a gentle exfoliating toner 2 to 3 times a week can help remove dead skin cells, giving your skin a more radiant complexion. Gentle Exfoliating Ingredient that you can consider are Alpha-Hydroxy-Acid (AHA) and Polyhydroxy Acid (PHA) type ingredients

Essence/Serum/Ampoule/Mask/ Eye Cream

The focus for treatment is to hydrate and restore the moisture barrier

Here are some ingredients of choice:

1. Hyaluronic Acid to lock in moisture

2. Propolis Extract for hydration and nourishment

3. Niacinamide and Ceramide to restore the skin barrier

4. Peptides that have smaller molecular size compared to collagen can penetrate deeper into the skin layers to strengthen the skin barrier

Moisturizer

Moisturizers are important to help seal in the moisture after applying treatments such as essence, serum and ampoule on your skin.

Consider these ingredients when choosing a dry skin moisturizer: Panthenol, Ceramide, Hyaluronic Acid, Peptides, Epidermial Growth Factors (EGF), Cholesterol and Fatty Acids

Sunscreen

Choosing a sunscreen that is essence-based and has hydrating ingredients such as Niacinamide and Hyaluronic Acid help maintain the moisture level in the skin throughout the day.